Thursday 9 November 2023

Amphipolis: 25 architectural members return to the ancient precincts of the Kasta Tomb after 21 centuries - 09.11.2023

Amphipolis: 25 architectural members return to the ancient precincts of the Kasta Tomb after 21 centuries

25 of the 375 marble members have been identified and returned to their original position - Work to fix and restore the tomb continues

Source (in Greek): Proto Thema, 02.11.2023. All images from the original article.

After 21 centuries, 25 scattered marble members returned to their original position in the Kasta Tomb in Amphipolis, at the time when the didactic restoration of part of the ancient enclosure of the monument is being completed by the Ancient Monuments Restoration Directorate of the Ministry of Culture, as part of the project of stabilising and restoring the monument.

The process of identification and attribution was based on the approved architectural study of the architect Michalis Lefantzis. In total, since 2019, 375 marble members have been gathered, grouped and arranged in the west of the Tomb, arranged in groups according to the type and structure to which they belonged in ancient masonry.

The Minister of Culture Lina Mendoni stated: "These 25 architectural members are returning to their original position after 21 centuries, having been moved, at times, kilometers away from the monument, bearing the wear and tear of time, but also damage to its surfaces, from human interventions, due to the successive changes of use. To preserve their authenticity, the scattered marble members were placed in their identification positions as they are, without additions, so that they always bear witness to their centuries-old history."

How the architectural documentation was done


In order to assign the members to the place where they belonged, an architectural documentation was made of the scattered material and the revetment, which indicated that the highest member heights belong to the southern part of the enclosure, near the Burial Monument. Also, a key performance parameter, was the change in the direction of the pegs and lever holes, which indicated the opposite direction of placement of the members of the enclosure, by at least two different workshops, during its construction.

From the study, it emerged that the point where the members were assigned, in the southern part of the enclosure and 22 m. west of the Burial Monument, resulted in the two opposite, mutually, placement directions, during construction.

The majority of the marble members are in good structural condition, except for two:

A post and base with broken sections, which did not require filling to fit.


To support the marble members, artificial stone fillings were made in the broken missing masses of the stone plinths of the ancient revetment, and the mortises and grooves of the ancient joints were reused.

In the execution of the project, according to the Ministry of Culture, the assistance of 6 highly experienced marble craftsmen, who came from the South Slope of the Acropolis of Athens to Amphipolis for its timely completion, also played a decisive role.

As part of this project, the Department of Restoration of Ancient Monuments continues the work of fixing and restoring the Tomb and the outer shell of Room 1.


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